HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are two essential technologies used to build websites. HTML provides the structure of the website and CSS is used to style it. In this article, we will cover the basics of HTML and CSS, including their syntax, common tags, and properties.
HTML is a markup language used to create the structure of a website. It consists of various tags that define the content and structure of the website. Let’s take a look at some of the commonly used HTML tags:
1. <!DOCTYPE html>: This tag specifies the HTML version and is the first line in an HTML document.
2. <html>: This tag is used to define the beginning and end of an HTML document.
3. <head>: This tag is used to define the header section of the HTML document. It includes the title of the page, meta tags, and other information.
4. <body>: This tag is used to define the main content of the web page.
5. <div>: This tag is used to define a section of the webpage.
6. <p>: This tag is used to define a paragraph.
7. <img>: This tag is used to insert an image on the webpage.
CSS is used to style the HTML structure and create a visually appealing website. It uses various properties to define the layout, font, color, and other visual aspects of the webpage. Let’s take a look at some of the commonly used CSS properties:
1. color: This property is used to define the text color.
2. font-family: This property is used to define the font family.
3. background-color: This property is used to define the background color.
4. font-size: This property is used to define the size of the font.
5. margin: This property is used to define the space outside of an element.
6. padding: This property is used to define the space inside of an element.
7. border: This property is used to define the border of an element.
Combining HTML and CSS
HTML and CSS can be combined by using the style attribute in HTML tags. The style attribute allows you to add CSS properties to specific HTML tags. For example, the following code will set the text color of a paragraph to red:
<p style=”color:red;”>This text will be red.</p>
Alternatively, you can use an external CSS file to style the HTML structure. This method is more efficient and easier to maintain for larger projects. To use an external CSS file, you need to link it to the HTML document using the <link> tag in the <head> section. Here’s an example:
<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”style.css”>
<h1>Welcome to my website!</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
In this example, the CSS file is named “style.css” and is linked to the HTML document using the <link> tag.
HTML and CSS are two essential technologies used to build websites. HTML provides the structure of the website, while CSS is used to style it. By using the various tags and properties, you can create visually appealing websites. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, understanding the basics of HTML and CSS is essential to building high-quality websites.
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